Glossary

Bookie – Slang for Bookmaker

Bookmaker – This is the person or company that takes your bet.

Colt – Male horse less than 4 years old.

Filly – Female horse less than 4 years old.

Foal – Male or female horse less than one year old.

Flat Race – No hurdles or fences, the course is set out over level ground.

Furlong – Unit of length used in the measurement of race courses. 1 Furlong = 220 yards or approximately 201m.

Handicapper – Person who calculates the appropriate handicap for a given horse or race

Handicapping – Process of equalising the ability of a group of horses in a given race so as to attempt to give the participating horses a more even chance of winning.

Hands – Horse height is measured in “hands”. One hand equates to 4 inches or 10.16cm.

Horse – Big animal, four legs, runs quite fast.

Gelding – Castrated male horse – any age.

The Great Stud Book – The definitive record of the thoroughbred bloodline

GSB – see The Great Stud Book

Jockey – Little guy (or gal) that does the steering, usually dressed in funky colours and can (hopefully) be found on top of the horse.

Jump Race – A race where the horses must clear a series of hurdles/fences that have been set out along the course.

Lengthening Odds – When the chances of winning are considered to be reduced. For example if the odds go from 10/1 to 50/1 the odds are considered to have “lengthened”.

Long Odds – A term referring to odds given on a horse that is not considered likely to win

Mare – Female horse more than 4 years old.

Punter – Slang used to refer to a person making a bet.

Shortening Odds – When the chances of winning are considered to be increased. For example if the odds go from 50/1 to 10/1 the odds are considered to have “shortened”.

Stake – Amount bet on a particular horse or race

Stallion – Male, non-castrated horse more than 4 years old.

Stud – Winning stallions will often be “put out to stud”, whiling away their retirement years impregnating new mares in the hopes of passing on some of those winning genes – nice work if you can get it.

Thoroughbred – Main breed of horses used for racing – see Thoroughbred section.

Turf Accountant – Alternative name for a Bookmaker.

Yearling – Male or Female horse between one and two years old.

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